Our sister publication, Oncology Nursing News recently published how cannabidiol oil may be useful in helping patients with breast cancer manage tamoxifen-related adverse effects.
Patients experiencing tamoxifen-related side effects may benefit from cannabidiol (CBD) oil, according to a poster presentation from the 2022 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.
CBD led to decreases in several tamoxifen-related adverse effects (AEs). Without CBD, the percentage of patients (n = 26) who experienced grade 1 or 2 insomnia was 62% (n = 16) and 38% (n = 10), respectively. With CBD, the rates of grade 1 or 2 insomnia were 73% (n = 19) and 12% (n = 3). Similarly, with for hot flashes, tamoxifen alone induced grade 1 and grade 2 symptoms in 77% (n = 20) and 19% (n = 5) of patients, respectively, whereas the addition of CBD yielded grade 1 and 2 symptoms in 85% (n = 22) and 4% (n = 1) of the population.
Without CBD, the rates of arthralgia were 58% (n = 15) and 38% (n = 10), respectively. Following CBD, these rates were 81% (n = 21) and 12% (n = 3). The rate of grade 1 mood alterations decreased from 73% (n = 19) to 65% (n = 17) following CBD, and the rate of grade 2 mood alterations remained at 4% (n = 1). Similarly, with no CBD, the rate of grade 1 muscle cramps was 27% (n = 7) and the grade 2 rate was 4% (n = 1). Following CBD, no patients reported grade 2 muscle cramps and the rate of grade 1 muscle cramps was 31% (n = 8).
The rate of headache was consistent across the 2 groups: 4 patients (15%) experienced grade 1 headaches both with and without CBD. Vaginal dryness decreased from 2 patients (8%) and 1 (4%) patient with grade 1 or 2 severity without CBD, to 1 patient (4%) with grade 1 severity with CBD. Four patients (15%) and 2 patients (8%) experienced grade 1 amnesia without and without CBD, respectively. Where 2 patients (8%) experienced weight gain with tamoxifen alone, 1 patient (4%) did so with CBD.
Moreover, the mean heath related quality-of-life (HR-QOL) without CBD was 74.3 and the mean after 4 weeks of CBD was 79.0, translating to a 4.7-point increase in HR-QOL (95% CI, 1.8-7.6; P= .003). In terms of endocrine symptoms, the mean without CBD was 47.1 and the mean after 4 weeks of CBD was 53.8. In this population, endocrine symptoms improved by 6.7 points (95% CI P < .001).
Tamoxifen is often associated with bothersome AEs, which may negatively effect a patient’s QOL, as well as treatment adherence, wrote study authors. Many patients seeking relief from these AEs have fixes their attention to cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD), they continued; however, the effects of CBD on tamoxifen-related AEs have not been investigated. Moreover, because tamoxifen is mainly metabolized through CYP2D6, and CBD is suggested to be an in-vitro inhibitor of CYP2D6, the use of CBD might affect tamoxifen pharmacokinetics.
“The aims of this study were to determine the pharmacokinetic interaction between CBD and tamoxifen, and to subsequently investigate where there is a beneficial influence of CBD on tamoxifen-related [AEs] and [QOL],” Sanne Buijs, MD, of the Department of Medical Oncology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, and co-investigators wrote.
To that end, investigators enrolled patients with endoxifen levels of at least 16 nM and at least one tamoxifen-related AE, including hot flashes, arthralgia, mood alterations, and insomnia.
To read the full article, visit Oncology Nursing News: https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/cbd-oil-shows-modest-improvements-in-tamoxifen-related-adverse-effects